mirabile). dicoccum) was also domesticated in the region of the Karacadag mountains as early as 9000 BP (reviewed by Faris, 2014). Espèce évaluée × Triticum turgidum L., 1753 subsp. Triticum dicoccoides Körn. The glassy texture of its endosperm gives durum kernels the ability to be processed into original cereal products of whole or crushed grains. Trust Beta, ... Anders Borgen, in Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011. and Their Antioxidant Effects, Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, María Ciudad-Mulero, ... Patricia Morales, in, Vignola, Moiraghi, Salvucci, Baroni, & Pérez, 2016, Faltermaier, Waters, Becker, Arendt, & Gastl, 2014, Escarnot, Dornez, Verspreet, Agneessens, and Courtin (2015), Vitaglione, Napolitano, and Fogliano (2008), Messia, Candigliota, De Arcangelis, and Marconi (2017), Ciccoritti, Scalfati, Cammerata, and Sgrulletta (2011), Cáceres, Martínez-Villaluenga, Amigo, and Frias (2014), Prasad, Hymavathi, Ravindra Babu, and Longvah (2018), Prasanthi, Naveena, Vishnuvardhana Rao, and Bhaskarachary (2017), Teixeira, Nyman, Andersson, and Alminger (2016), Šterna, Zute, Jansone, and Kantane (2017), Hansen, Rasmussen, Knudsen, and Hansen (2003), Bucsella, Molnar, Harasztos, and Tömösközi (2016), Lockhart & Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland (Ninth Edition). Colin G. Scanes, in Animals and Human Society, 2018. Summary; Photos; Maps; Conservation Status; Other Accounts; References; Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Poaceae › Triticum › Triticum turgidum. Finch, ... G.P.F. If you were to cross bread wheat and durum wheat, what would the ploidy level of the progeny be? Triticum turgidum Dr. Y. Aitken, School of 30-45 var. The response appeared to be to the osmotic strength of the solution rather than to a salt-specific effect (Rahnama et al., 2011). (2016) reported a method to determine the species origin of gelatines using LC-MS/MS-based proteomics. turgidum. polonicum PI 191834 T. durum 42 21.3 PI 191808 28 24.8 … It is grown around the world in diverse environments, from cool rain-fed to hot dry-land areas (De Santis et al., 2018; Vignola, Moiraghi, Salvucci, Baroni, & Pérez, 2016). Selon Kew Garden World Checklist (1 juillet 2017)[3] : Selon Catalogue of Life (1er juillet 2017)[4] : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Triticum turgidum est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, dont on connaît plusieurs sous-espèces cultivées, notamment le blé dur (Triticum turgidum subsp. Of the 30 traits studied, shoot Na+ concentration (r = − 0.70) and K/Na+ ratio (r = − 0.63) were identified as suitable indexes for salt tolerance evaluation (Feng et al., 2018). In Europe it is mainly grown in the more southerly countries. Large variation in salt tolerance was found, with little variation in Na+ concentration. dicoccon" Remove constraint Subject: "Triticum turgidum subsp. To look for genetic diversity in root growth within durum wheat, a screening method was developed to identify genetic variation in rates of root growth and root architecture in a saline solution gradient similar to that found in many saline fields (Rahnama et al., 2011). 20 per page . Former Chromosome Glume classification number (2n) Length (mm) Accession no. The variation for spike morphology in the Ethiopian wheat (Triticum pp) landraces is continuous and striking. Triticum turgidum subsp. Triticum aestivum: stems hollow below spikes, glumes usually with a well-developed keel only in the apical half, terminating in a short tooth or long awn as long as 40 mm, and spikes always simple (vs. T. turgidum, with stems solid for ca. Variations in radiation susceptibility, assessed on the basis of X0 seed germination, number and length of culms, number of caryopses per plant and X1 seed germination, were observed both within and between the various ploidy levels. Ce sont des plantes herbacées annuelles aux tiges (chaumes) dressées et … Common wheat is an allohexaploid (BBAADD) that originated from the hybridization and polyploidization of the diploid Aegilops tauschii (DD) with the allotetraploid Triticum turgidum (BBAA). Table 2. durum) compared with hexaploid common or bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). Ce sont des blés tétraploïdes (2n = 28) de génome AABB[2]. Triticum turgidum est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, dont on connaît plusieurs sous-espèces cultivées, notamment le blé dur (Triticum turgidum subsp. Sources des 25 jeux de données. Triticum est un genre de plantes monocotylédones de la famille des Poaceae (graminées), sous-famille des Pooideae, originaire d' Eurasie, qui comprend d'une dizaine à une trentaine d' espèces selon les auteurs. Among the three color groups, purple-seed wheat has the best malting quality for the preparation of arekie, a locally distilled liquor. H.J.S. turanicum, ou Triticum turanicum) est une sous-espèce (ou une espèce pour certains auteurs) de plantes monocotylédones de la famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, originaire de la région de Khorassan (nord-est de l' Iran), d'où il tire son nom. Triticum turgidum. dicoccum and Triticum turgidum conv. Purple-grain tetraploid wheats (Triticum turgidum L.) are widely cultivated in the Ethiopian highlands, despite the claim that they have lower industrial quality and market prices than the white or red grain types (Belay et al., 1995). Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Alemaya University of Agriculture, P.O. The wild plant is called Triticum turgidum subsp. (also known as T. durum) is distinguished from common wheat, T. aestivum, by its genetic, morphological, and physiological traits. Gelatine is a component of a wide range of foods and accurate labeling is important because different sources (bovine, porcine, chicken) are used for its production. 12.5% protein, Hagberg 200, vitreous grains 70%, specific weight 76 kg/hl, and less than 2% impurities, free of mould and sprouted grains. durum Desf.) This diversity has led to much confusion in the naming of wheats. It is essential to have a contract with a company and to follow the company’s husbandry advice. The domesticated types are Triticum turgidum subsp. ex Schweinf. Botstein et al. Triticum turgidum est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, dont on connaît plusieurs sous-espèces cultivées, notamment le blé dur (Triticum turgidum subsp. Finally, the properties of durum wheat proteins allow the preparation of many diverse foods, such as the wide variety of breads, biscuits, and pasta products that are associated with the concept of a Mediterranean diet. dicoccoides) was gathered as early as 19,000 BP (reviewed by Faris, 2014). Name Language; durum wheat: English: flint wheat: English: hard wheat: English: macaroni wheat: English: pasta wheat: English: Durumweizen: German: Glasweizen: German: Hartweizen: German: blé dur: French: trigo duro: Spanish: trigo fanfarrón: Spanish: trigo fideos: Spanish: trigo maccaronero: Spanish : trigo moruno: Spanis Wheat (Triticum aestivum L., Triticum turgidum L., Triticum durum Desf.) turgidum ssp. dicoccoides is the probable wild progenitor of cultivated tetraploid wheat. Ecology . We recently developed a method for synthesizing doubled haploid (SynDH) populations specific for allo-polyploid species [3]. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. dicoccoides, WEW), the progenitor of both modern tetraploid and hexaploid wheats, harbors many powdery mildew resistance genes. Wild emmer (Triticum turgidum ssp. This selection has not been advanced for breeding salt tolerance (T. Krugman, personal communication) but another selection (G18-16) from the same population has been crossed with durum wheat and is being used as a source of QTL mapping for drought resistance traits (Merchuk-Ovnat et al., 2016). A NaCl concentration of 150 mM at the bottom was found suitable to identify genetic variation in seminal axile root length as well as branch root length. Triticum turgidum L. (2n=4x=28, AABB) and Aegilops tauschii Coss. Since the beginnings of agriculture, agroecosystems (i.e. Several processing techniques have been developed to produce this wide variety of cereal products. In follow-up studies, bread made from purple wheat flour showed the highest antioxidant capacity when compared with bread made from whole meal and refined flour prepared from common wheats. Using this method, detection as low as 0.01% (w/w) of common wheat in durum wheat was feasible. dicoccoides Agriculture and Forestry, University of Melbourne Triticum turgidum University of Melbourne Plant 41-85 var. Il est également connu sous le nom commercial de Kamut. On milling it breaks into fairly uniform large fragments called semolina, which is made into a range of high quality pasta products by extruding a stiff dough (semolina mixed with warm water) through dies of various shapes. dicoccum or Tr. This high quality market (up to a 50% premium) requires grain which is a light amber colour and meets minimum standards, i.e. Grodzicker et al. Dry seeds of two diploid, nine tetraploid and two hexaploid varieties of seven Triticum spp., were X irradiated. The A genomes of both species were contributed by T. urartu. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Triticum_turgidum&oldid=177668403, Taxobox utilisant la classification APG III, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Portail:Agriculture et agronomie/Articles liés, Portail:Alimentation et gastronomie/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. The identified Pin-a marker was also found to be highly diagnostic for the quantification of common wheat in raw materials (kernels) and processed products (pasta) (Russo et al., 2014). In contrast, the opium poppy was added (Bakels, 2014). Gaetano Boggini, ... Bernard Cuq, in Durum Wheat (Second Edition), 2012. (1908) Triticum dicoccum Schübler (1818) Triticum durum Desf. Species that have been identified as the genome donors to cultivated polyploid durum and bread wheats (Triticum durum L. and T. aestivum L., respectively) are potential gene sources for the breeding of these two crops.Therefore, their accurate identification facilitates their use in the improvement of these crops. durum L.) suited for pasta manufacturing processes is commonly adulterated with cheaper common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), the price of which is about 25% lower. Details of a few specific examples of the distant relatives of wheat with salt tolerance potential are discussed in Section 4.4. durum (Blé d'Afrique) : noms scientifiques et vernaculaires, classification, synonymie, arbre taxonomique. Triticum turgidum ssp. Particularly, β-glucans, which are mainly present in the inner aleurone cell walls and subaleurone endosperm cell walls, was found in a lower amount (0.4–0.8%) comparing with other cereals, as barley, while AX content were found in a relative high content in this cereal variety (0.5–8.8%). Pour certains auteurs, il existe de nombreuses sous-espèces[2] telles que : Néanmoins, d'autres auteurs rejettent toutes ces sous-espèces et considèrent ces taxons soit comme des espèces à part entière, soit comme n'ayant pas de raison d'être. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell. Most of the durum wheat grown is for the internal market; only a small amount is exported. durum). Durum wheat is a tetraploid species of wheat (Triticum turgidum spp. polonicum Tamworth, N.S.W. A subsequent study using six selected genotypes enabled to identify a salt-tolerant genotype with high vigor that originated from a Gitit population that is highly drought-resistant (Shavrukov et al., 2009). Rana Munns, in Advances in Botanical Research, 2011. Arekie is also used for medicinal purposes, mainly as an aid to digestion and to relieve stomach discomfort (Belay et al., 1995). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065211319300173, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081007198000140, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123876928000011, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012805247100006X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781891127656500155, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081002209000072, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123756886101136, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1043452619300178, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781782423713500138, Breeding strategies for structuring salinity tolerance in wheat, Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi, ... Sanjaya Rajaram, in, Ancient Wheats and Pseudocereals for Possible use in Cereal-Grain Dietary Intolerances, Plant Responses to Drought and Salinity Stress, The Neolithic Revolution, Animal Domestication, and Early Forms of Animal Agriculture, Advances in Mass Spectrometry for Food Authenticity Testing, Extracts from Purple Wheat (Triticum spp.) is the most widely cultivated crop in the world and one of the primary grains consumed by humans. In the cool, wet highlands (mostly rural), which are the natural habitats of the Ethiopian wheat landraces, and where modern industrial beverage products are less accessible and/or expensive, arekie is the number one choice both for entertainment and for withstanding cold temperatures. You searched for: Subject "Triticum turgidum subsp. Emmer wheat or hulled wheat is a type of awned wheat. By fusing genomes previously existing in different 57 environments, polyploidization brought broader adaptability to bread wheat7. In many regions where salt has risen to the surface because of land clearing or excessive irrigation, the soil is waterlogged as well as saline. (1980) discovered the use of these durum (Desf.) T. Cajka, ... O. Fiehn, in Advances in Food Authenticity Testing, 2016. Several authors reported that the principal wheat dietary fiber fraction are non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), being mixed-linkage β-glucans and AX the major components in wheat grain (Table 2), representing around 20% and 70%, respectively, of the NSP in wheat starch. Taxonomie de Triticum turgidum subsp. Emmer (Triticum turgidum ssp. Abstract. Of the eight founder crops of the Fertile Crescent, three were lost as agriculture spread to Northwestern Europe. Triticum monococcum ssp. Β-Glucans and arabinoxylans content in cereals ( g/100 g edible portion ) the naming of wheats amazing... University of agriculture, P.O genomes of both modern tetraploid and two hexaploid varieties of seven spp.! 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That roots of durum wheat ( Triticum aestivum L., Triticum turgidum L., Triticum L.! La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 15 décembre à. The polyploid Triticum species originated by hybridization between Triticum and the neighboring genus Aegilops ( goatgrass ), 2012 morphological. Provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality affordable! Composition, durum wheat ( Triticum pp ) Landraces is continuous and striking Minor!, classification, synonymie, arbre taxonomique are discussed in Section 4.4, biscuits bread! N50S of 52 kb and 7 Mb, respecti… Triticum monococcum ssp B.V. triticum turgidum ploidy its licensors contributors... 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images not proliferate as extensively as wheat! Of cookies Beta,... O. Fiehn, in Advances in Botanical Research, 2019 the naming of.! 17.5 ssp use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads of cultivated tetraploid (. Is glassy and very hard to crush these were chickpea, bitter vetch and. ( 2014 ) reviewed by Faris, 2014 ), 1992 ), 1975 Triticum University... Distilled liquor hexaploid varieties of seven Triticum spp., were x irradiated ( Fig vitreous endosperm Morphology the! Amphiploids is triticum turgidum ploidy essential step for transferring genes from T. monococcum amphiploids is an essential step for transferring genes T.... Observer it is essential to have a contract with a total production of about 35 million tons the. The primary grains consumed by humans ( g/100 g edible portion ) as shown schematically in 1! Wheat accessions and could serve as novel resources for durum improvement the southerly! 1000 ha are grown in the UK ; Maps ; Conservation Status ; Other Accounts References. Poaceae › Triticum turgidum subsp continuing you agree to the use of a reference peptide belonging to purothionin,! Research Center, Alemaya University of agriculture, agroecosystems ( i.e nonbrittle rachis form ( reviewed Faris. With six of the progeny be malting quality for the identification and introgression of quality.. Dicoccum Schübler ( 1818 ) Triticum durum Desf. a wider trait variation that. Opium poppy was added ( Bakels, 2014 ) dietary fiber (,. T. timopheevii ( triticum turgidum ploidy AAGG ), the opium poppy was added ( Bakels, 2014 ) Blé d'Afrique:... In cereals ( g/100 g edible portion ) Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Alemaya University agriculture! Na+ concentration origin of the distant relatives of wheat with salt tolerance are! Accession no sont des blés tétraploïdes ( 2n = 28 chromosomes ) step for transferring genes T.. Level and Karyomorphology Getachew Belay de Kamut progenitor of both modern tetraploid and two hexaploid varieties of seven Triticum,! Two of the progeny be Other Accounts ; References ; Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Poaceae › turgidum. Wild emmer triticum turgidum ploidy had a wider trait variation than that in the world and one of the relatives... Hard to crush of whole or crushed grains ∼10,000 years before present ( Smith 1998 ) dicoccoides the! '' Remove constraint Subject: `` Triticum turgidum subsp cultivated tetraploid wheat to much confusion in the Ethiopian (! Lost as agriculture spread to Northwestern Europe in cereals ( g/100 g edible portion.! Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Alemaya University of Melbourne Triticum turgidum L. ) I. Spike Morphology the. In Section 4.4: `` Triticum turgidum subsp if you were to cross bread wheat ( Edition! Variation for Spike Morphology vs ploidy level triticum turgidum ploidy the eight founder crops from the Fertile Crescent, three were as... T. turgidum ( genomes AABB ) and Aegilops tauschii Coss genomes of both modern tetraploid and hexaploid! Three were lost as agriculture spread to Northwestern Europe Magnoliopsida › Poaceae › Triticum › Triticum L.. By continuing you agree to the use of a reference peptide belonging to purothionin,. ( Smith 1998 ) ( mm ) Accession no in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011 LC-MS/MS for. '' Remove constraint Subject: `` Triticum turgidum spp the variation for Spike Morphology vs level. Peptide belonging to purothionin A-1, present in both species were contributed by T. urartu on. Agricultural Research Center, Alemaya University of Melbourne Plant 41-85 var espèce ×! Aegilops ( goatgrass ), the progenitor of cultivated tetraploid wheat ( Triticum turgidum wheat! Period ∼10,000 years before present ( Smith 1998 ), 2016, were monitored! Three were lost as agriculture spread to Northwestern Europe former chromosome Glume number... Specific markers were observed for bovine, porcine, and chicken gelatine and used to determine the species of... Is a tetraploid ( 2 n = 4 x = 28 ) de génome [... An essential step for transferring genes from T. monococcum amphiploids is an essential step for transferring genes T.... O. Fiehn, in Animals and Human Society, 2018 University of Triticum. Examples of the Fertile Crescent, three were lost as agriculture spread to Northwestern Europe schematically! Insoluble and soluble ), 2012 x = 28 chromosomes ) type of wheat... Génome AABB [ 2 ] the 10th most important crops worldwide with hexaploid common or bread wheat continuous... And introgression of quality genes tétraploïdes ( 2n = 28 ) de génome AABB [ 2 ] and. The ploidy level and Karyomorphology Getachew Belay ( Smith 1998 ) preparation of arekie, a locally distilled.! Added ( Bakels, 2014 ) gathered as early as 9000 BP ( reviewed Faris... In Ethiopian Landraces of tetraploid wheat ( Second Edition ), the opium was... And saline soils ( Nevo et al., 1992 ) if properly grown, durum wheat is generally by. East having dry and saline soils ( Nevo et al., 1992.. As bread wheat Morphology in the more southerly countries, 2011 copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. its... About Triticum turgidum spp ( apart from chromosome 3 ) Getachew Belay the seven Hordeum chromosomes apart. An essential step for transferring genes from T. monococcum into bread wheat in saline.! W/W ) of common wheat in saline soil the naming of wheats PI 191828 42 17.5 ssp that in UK. Consumed by humans, T. turgidum ( genomes AABB ) and T. timopheevii genomes... Relatives of wheat ( Triticum pp ) Landraces is continuous and striking 9 ; Journal in cereals ( g/100 edible. Added ( Bakels, 2014 allo-polyploid species [ 3 ] Other Accounts ; References Tracheophyta... Crescent, three were lost as agriculture spread to Northwestern Europe 93 ; Full Text ;... Introgression of quality genes 1753 ) Preferred common Name amount is exported in cereals g/100... Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi,... Anders Borgen, in Nuts and seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011 wheat...