The Chicano movement was a civil rights movement that started by looking for the restoration of land grants. Many Hispanic Americans trace their roots to the cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas -- including the Arawaks (Puerto Rico), the Aztecs (Mexico), the Incas (South America), the Maya (Central America), and the Tainos (in Cuba, Puerto Rico and other places). It has been used in the U.S. Census since 1980. 2 language in terms of how many people speak it as their first language. The Hispanic American Center for Economic Development was founded in 2001 by the Georgia Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. September 15 … St Augustine Florida is our Nations Oldest City. Many Hispanic Americans trace their roots to the cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas -- including the Arawaks (Puerto Rico), the Aztecs (Mexico), the Incas (South America), the Maya (Central America), and the Tainos (in Cuba, Puerto Rico and other places). On the February 23, … These nearly 60 million individuals trace their heritage to Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America and to Spain, each with distinct demographic and economic profiles. Hispanic and Latino Americans have a long and rich history in the United States, captured in such wide-ranging places from the 17th-century Palace of the Governors in New Mexico to the Midcentury Modern Miami Marine Stadium in Florida. Spanish Settlement in North America: 1822–1898 (Chelsea House, 2007). Hill, Christine M. Ten Hispanic American Authors (Enslow, 2002). New World Spanish Settlers bring first African slaves to the New World. “Hispanic” refers to a person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban or other Spanish / Hispanic / Latino culture or origin. The ancient Roman Hispania, which roughly comprised what is currently called the Iberian Peninsula, included the contemporary states of Portugal, Spain, and Andorra, and the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. Kachur, Matthew, and Sterngass, Jon. The Georgia Hispanic Chamber of Commerce (ghcc.org) represents the interests of Hispanic businesses in the state. In History. Portraits of Hispanic American Heroes (Dial Books for Young Readers, 2014). The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed February 2, 1848, ended the Mexican-American War. More than 90 percent of the Spanish-speaking world is Roman Catholic. Ochoa, George, and Smith, Carter. First established in 1994 as the Atlanta Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, the organization now has more than 1,300 members. In honor of the celebratory month, the following is a list of key Hispanic facts by the numbers. HispanicHeritage Week was commemorated in 1968 by President Lyndon Johnson andexpanded to a month in 1988. Hispanics over 50 are considered largely responsible for the growth of the Hispanic population. The majority of the U.S. population is Mexican American, followed in size by Central and South Americans, Puerto Ricans, and Cuban Americans. As America’s largest growing ethnic group, about 60 percent of people of Hispanic descent have type O blood compared to 45 percent of Caucasians and 50 percent of African Americans. Mexico celebrates their independence on September 16th. Compared with non-Hispanics, cancer rates among Hispanics are lower overall and lower for the major sites -- lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal. The proclamation of the National Hispanic Heritage Month was originally observed as “Hispanic Heritage Week” back in 1968 under President Lyndon Johnson, but it was later extended to a month during President Ronald Reagan’s term in 1988. St. Augustine, Florida, and Sante Fe, New Mexico were Hispanic cities founded before Plymouth, Massachusetts. Hispanics (whether criollo or mestizo) became the first American citizens in the newly acquired Southwest territory after the Mexican–American War, and remained a majority in several states until the 20th century. As late as 1783, at the end of the American Revolutionary War, Spain held claim to roughly half of today's continental United States. The movement expanded to encompass Mexican farm worker’s rights, enhanced education, voting rights and political rights. Because of the popularity of "Latino" in the western portion of the United States, the government adopted this term as well in 1997, and used it in the 2000 census. Content by Lupita Peimbert. Each year, Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month from Sept. 15 through Oct. 15 by celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of Hispanics who originate from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. Many Hispanic Americans trace their roots to the cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas -- including the Arawaks (Puerto Rico), the Aztecs (Mexico), the Incas (South America), the Maya (Central America), and the Tainos (in Cuba, Puerto Rico and other places). The terms Hispanic and Latino tend to be used interchangeably in the United States for people with origins in Spanish-speaking or Portuguese-speaking countries, like Mexico, Costa Rica, and Brazil. 1. Interesting Hispanic Heritage Month Facts: National Hispanic Heritage Month is meant to celebrate the customs, legacies and achievements of United States citizens with Hispanic roots. The U.S. is the fifth largest Hispanic country in the world. The history of Hispanics in America is long and rich, one that began with Spanish explorers invading the continent in the 1500s and has continued with the movement of people from Latin America and the Caribbean. New York: Facts on File, 1991. xxi, 375 p. Ill., maps. ", followed by 266 people on Pinterest. There are 1.1 million Hispanic veterans of the U.S. armed forces. The Office of Management and Budget describes Hispanic or Latino ethnicity as “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.”Hispanic people are the largest minority in the United States. Please enable the javascript to submit this form, We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. The family unit usually extends beyond the nuclear family. Seventy percent of the Hispanic population lives in five states: California, Texas, New York, Florida and Illinois . By 2050, the Hispanic population is expected to reach 132.8 million, or 30% of the projected U.S. population at that time. Various subgroups reflect great differences in ethnicity, culture, origin and can cover the racial spectrum, from white, African American, Asian, Pacific Islander and Native American. Read More. In English, the term Hispano-Roman is sometimes used. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. (Latino) - Each year, the U.S. government recognizes the contributions and culture of 55.6 million of Hispanics or Latinos in the United States throughout a month-long celebration known as Hispanic Heritage Month, from September 15 to October 15. View CNN's Fast Facts on the Hispanic population in the United States and learn more about the largest minority in the country. On Easter March 27th 1513 the Spanish Explorer and Treasure Hunter, Ponce de Leon discovered the mainland of the North American continent. Jan 1, 1501. The Hispanic family is a close-knit group and the most important social unit. From 1980 to 1995, the Hispanic population of Georgia grew 130 percent. Jan 4, 2019 - Explore Jeri Frank's board "Hispanic History Month! Immigrant Hispanic women have high first marriage rate. According to the 2010 Census, Hispanics accounted for more than half of the growth in United States population between 2000 and 2010. The United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million. Seventy percent of the Hispanic population lives in five states: California, Texas, New York, Florida and Illinois. As a result of this war, the Republic of Mexico surrendered more than one-third of its former territory under the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) to the United States. Mar 12, 2020. Hispanics over the age of 50 account for 10% of their age group. Type O is the blood hospitals need most. SIGN UP FOR OUR HISPANIC 2020 NEWSLETTER AND OFFERS. Apr 8, 2020. In 2015 Hispanics over the age of 50 account for 10% of their age group. The term Hispanic was first adopted by the United States government in the early 1970s, and has since been used in local and federal employment, mass media, academia, and business market research. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18. Read more about our. Hispanic History Timeline created by khicks0421. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed February 2, 1848, ended the Mexican-American War. In reality, some Hispanic subgroups have remarkably few characteristics in common. Contrary to many beliefs, Hispanic is not a race, but an ethnicity. Atlas of Hispanic-American History (Facts on File, 2009). The fastest population growth among U.S. Latinos has come among those with origins in Venezuela, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Honduras. Hispanus was the Latin name given to a person from Hispania during Roman rule. Here are 10 must-know facts about Hispanics and U.S.-born Hispanics. This month is intended to recognize the cultures and history of U.S. citizens whose ancestors originated from Mexico, Central America, South America, the Caribbean, and Spain. We will embark on the past events that made St Augustine what is today. Why It Matters: Hispanics aren’t foreigners in this country. 1. All Rights Reserved. The term “Hispanic” originally denoted a relationship to Hispania, more commonly known as Portugal and Spain, and the people colonized by those two countries. St. Augustine, Florida, and Sante Fe, New Mexico were Hispanic cities founded before Plymouth, Massachusetts. LC call number: E169 .1 .F375 1991 LC control number: 91010786 Catalog Record Discusses Hispanic … National Hispanic Heritage Month is celebrated annually from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15 byrecognizing the history, culture and contributions of Latino Americans. Translated by Alfonso Bertodano Stourton. The Hispanic family is a close-knit group and the most important social unit. Jan 1, 1513. See more ideas about hispanic, hispanic heritage month, hispanic history month. © 2021 Hispanic team. Since then, it has helped more than 59,000 entrepreneurs. Since 1988, the U.S. Government has set aside the period from September 15 to October 15 as National Hispanic Heritage Month to honor the many contributions Hispanic Americans have made and continue to make to the United States of America. HISPANIC Heritage Month happens every year in the US from September 15 to October 15 to honor the contributions and history of Hispanics and Latinos. It is slightly ahead of English (328 million) but behind Chinese (1.2 billion). Hispanic History In the United States, the first movement of Hispanic immigrants began after the U.S.-Mexican War (1846-1848), which was during the California Gold Rush. It’s important to note there are differences between Hispanics in the U.S. and U.S.-born Hispanics, which are key to understanding how to reach and engage the overall Hispanic market. Hispanics usually place great value on appearance as a sense of honor, dignity and pride. With 52 million Americans identifying as Hispanic, Latinos make up 16.7% of the U.S. population. From 2010 to 2011 alone, the number of Hispanics in the country jumped by 1.3 million, a 2.5% increase. Read More. Every year the United States honors the contributions that Latinos have made to our nation by celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month on September 15 to October 15. One hundred years after its founding, The Hispanic Society of America Museum & Library continues to reflect the vision of Archer Milton Huntington (1870–1955), one of America’s greatest philanthropists. Hispanics in the U.S. Have a current spending power of about $1.4 trillion. Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. This agreement also included a territorial settlement in which the United States annexed the northern portion of Mexico, resulting in what is today Texas, New Mexico and California. But as migration patterns from Latin America change, the origins of U.S. Hispanics are beginning to shift. The Hispanic presence in North America from 1492 to today. Coronavirus pandemic: Cash transfer delivery methods matter for low-income families. In recognition of Hispanic Heritage Month, here are five little-known facts of Hispanic American history. Hispanics are a mix of European, African and Native American people. Only Mexico has a larger Hispanic population than the United States. Hispanic Family Facts. The U.S. Hispanic population is diverse. What Happened: Hispanics, including mestizos, indigenous and Afro-descended people from the area today known as Mexico, explored North America almost a century before the British first founded Jamestown. Six other Hispanic origin groups in the U.S. have roughly 1 million or more people each: Cubans, Salvadorans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians and Hondurans. With 329 million native speakers, Spanish ranks as the world's No. The number is expected to increase to 42 million, or 24%, by 2060. 30 Facts for Hispanic Heritage Month Started as Hispanic Heritage Week in 1968 by President Lyndon Johnson Expanded to a month by President Ronald Reagan Enacted into law on August 17, 1988, on the approval of Public Law 100-402 Hispanic Heritage Month goes from September 15 to October 15 September 15th is the anniversary of independence for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, … Chile celebrates their independence on September 18th. Saint Augustine brings the first European settlement to the United States, introducing Catholicism and the Spanish language in Florida. The most Reaching and Engaging with Hispanic Community. La Florida Free Africans Juan Garrido and Juan Gonzalez de Leon accompany Juan Ponce de Leon in his exploration of La Floride. History. These are 10 facts, as of September 10, 2016: People who… Hispanic Heritage Month is an annual celebration of the history and culture of the U.S. Latinx and Hispanic communities. Religion plays a significant role in day-to-day life. The upcoming 2020 Census has long-lasting ramifications for federal funding. Hispanics are not a monolithic group. Spaniards are believed to be the longest continuously established population in Europe. Dive into the stories of these varied histories, cultures, and contributions to learn how the past is influencing our present. 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