Originating in Indian art, it followed Indian religions to East Asia in particular. While all modern plant taxonomy systems agree that this species belongs in the genus Nelumbo, the systems disagree as to which family Nelumbo should be placed in, or whether the genus should belong in its own unique family and order. Packaged lotus green tea is also available where lotus blossom extract is mixed with high-quality tea leaves for a refreshing aroma. agriculture ao dai asian beautiful beautiful-woman-vietnam beauty dress flower girl hanoi vietnam girl happy indochina girl leaf cones lifestyle lonely girl in ao dai long-dress vietnamese lotus lotus flowers nature outdoor people person portrait pretty … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. By pulling and shaking the young leaves in the shallow water, the stolon is pulled out of the water. Aside from the fact that it looks so gorgeous as body art, lotus flower also symbolizes a number of things. The rhizomes of lotus (Chinese: 蓮藕 lián-ǒu) are consumed as a vegetable in Asian countries, extensively in China, Japan, and India: sold whole or in cut pieces, fresh, frozen, or canned. When the dawn comes, however, the lotus flower rises again and opens up it’s beautiful bloom. The rhizomes are then harvested next March. [16] Most varieties are not cold-hardy. pink and white petaled flower. Because of this, the flower has come to symbolize the divine beauty that can emerge from impurity and those dark, scary places in our souls that none of us like to visit, plus the growth and success of the Vietnamese people that has occured over the last 5,000 years.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'richardalois_com-banner-1','ezslot_6',162,'0','0'])); There is no other flower that is quite like the lotus. 350 357 35. Water Lilies Lotus Pond. Food Chem 105:540–547, Sung J, Sung J, Shin H (2011) Cytoprotective effects of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner) seed extracts on oxidative damaged mouse embryonic fibroblast cell. Flowers can be picked every two days during summer and every three days during the colder season. Young lotus stems are used as a salad ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine. While there is no doubt that the lotus flower is of unrivaled beauty, in Buddhism, which is the main religion in Vietnam, the different colors represent various meanings: White: A pure white flower indicates the purity of the spirit and mind that all people should seek to obtain. Purple: Shades of purple indicate mysticism and spirituality. During flood conditions, sediments containing these seeds are broken open, and the dormant seeds rehydrate and begin a new lotus colony. Acta Nutr Sin 25:153–156, Wu J, Zheng Y, Chen T, Yi J, Qin L, Rahman K, Lin W (2007) Evaluation of the quality of lotus seed of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. In Korea, lotus flower tea (연꽃차 yeon'kkot-cha) is made from the dried petals of the white lotus. [79] In Asian art a lotus throne is a stylized lotus flower used as the seat or base for a figure. The Vietnamese have long loved the lotus flower and considered it an integeral part of their culture. This Vietnamese lotus tea is called trà sen, chè sen, or chè ướp sen. [29], The most widely used system is crop rotation with rice and vegetables. In 2005, the cultivation area in China was estimated at 300,000 hectares (740,000 acres). An individual lotus can live for over a thousand years and has the rare ability to revive into activity after stasis. [clarification needed][49], Nelumbo nucifera contains some thermal-stable proteins that might be useful in protein bio engineering processes. There has been a longstanding love for the lotus flower when it comes to Vietnam, its people and culture with the plant being cited in many traditional folk songs and poems. Traditional sun baking combining with charcoal processing dries the seeds but results in loss of nutrients. [29], Rhizome lotus cultivars produce a higher yield of and higher quality rhizomes than that of seed or flower lotus cultivars. A terricolous vegetable is planted between the rhizomes into the drained field. [60], Lotus rhizomes and seeds and their processing by-products are widely consumed in Asia, Americas, and Oceania for high content of physiologically active substances. This system is applicable if the propagule (small piece of rhizome) can be planted early in the year. [19][20][25][27][28] The large, starch rich rhizomes are easy to dig out of the drained soil. Lotus in the art of making tea of the Vietnamese. Krishan, Yuvrajmm, Tadikonda, Kalpana K., Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Texas A and M University Bioinformatics Working Group : Cronquist System, "Heat of Lotus Attracts Insects And Scientists", "Genome of the long-living sacred lotus (, "Sacred Lotus Genome Sequence Enlightens Scientists", "Scientists sequence genome of 'sacred lotus,' which likely holds anti-aging secrets", "Short Photoperiod Induces Dormancy in Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)", "Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. The petals, leaves and rhizome can also all be eaten raw, but there is a risk of parasite transmission (e.g., Fasciolopsis buski): it is therefore recommended that they be cooked before eating. Both Nymphaea caerulea and Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and aporphine. Researchers report that the lotus has the remarkable ability to regulate the temperature of its flowers to within a narrow range just as humans and other warmblooded animals do. China Antique", "Lotus: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning", 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1573(199608)10:5<424::AID-PTR857>3.0.CO;2-3, 10.1002/(sici)1099-1573(199608)10:5<424::aid-ptr857>3.3.co;2-v, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nelumbo_nucifera&oldid=998570915, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2018, Articles needing additional medical references from December 2017, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [59] Especially in China, lotus seeds are popular with a cultural history going back about 3000 years. So it is that the lotus flower in Vietnam is a symbol of the purity of both mind and heart. The genome of the sacred lotus was sequenced in May 2013. Special stacking with silver sand[clarification needed] and soil results in five to six layers that prevent water loss, thus the rhizome stays fresh for up to two months. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'richardalois_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_7',163,'0','0']));Furthermore, when the Vietnamese voted to make the lotus flower the country’s national flower, one part of the criteria was that it “must be found in many areas”, that is certainly true about this amazing flower. Mukherjee PK. [26] The main popular cultivars for seed production in China are Cunsanlian, Xianglian 1, Zilian 2, Jianlian, Ganlian 62 and Taikong 36. [6], The roots of lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on the water's surface or are held well above it. After sun drying for two to three days, they are processed by mechanical tools to separate seed coats and embryos. N. nucifera is able to assimilate a higher content of phosphorus than aquatic plants currently used for water remediation (such as water hyacinth). [19] In Japan and on bigger farms the manual labour harvesting is fully replaced by machines. [20][21], The sacred lotus requires a nutrient-rich loamy soil. By stacking the rhizomes, they are storable and remain fresh for about three weeks. How it blossoms and recedes at certain times of the day makes the flower remain untouched by impurity. Lotus – Vietnam’s national flower, a symbol of divine beauty. Regardless of the fact that the flower has roots there and grows and develops in the mud underneath pond water, it still is able to create a floral aroma and gorgeous color. [56][42] Because of the special role in human health and richness in nutrients and bioactive substances, the Chinese Ministry of Health approved the use of N. nucifera as both "food and medicine". Lotus Flower Summer. Posted on May 11, 2013 by mincute. [29] Seed production of flower lotus is poor regarding yield and quality. It is also the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future. [43] Through rhizofiltration, heavy metals – including arsenic, copper and cadmium – can be removed efficiently from the water. It is often colloquially called a water lily. They are generally 1.2–1.8 cm long, with diameter ranging from 0.8 to 1.4 cm and a weight of 1.1–1.4 g. After lotus seeds have been decorticated and peeled, they are edible and rich in nutrients, and can be dried for storage. Date: March 28, 2018 Author: Martha 14 Comments. As far as we could see, it was endless with lotus plants. It is even closely connected to several religions in the world. [43][48] The leaves of the floating lotus reduce sunlight reaching the lower part of the water. In Vietnam, the Lotus flower is the national flower. The Lotus in Asian culture Thus, the lotus symbolizes the purity of heart and mind. [3] It is the national flower of India and Vietnam. Ind Drugs 1995; 32: 392–397. It is also known that Vietnamese civilization came forth from the Red River delta, and the Mekong delta where the cultivation of wet-rice, rice planting, and fishing were the main ways of surviving. Therefore, mostly dry lotus seed-based products are found on the market. Largely grown from seeds, a seed can lie dormant for a hundred years and then germinate. Furthermore, this group grows the tallest and produces very few to no flowers.[29][26]. In this manner, they should strive to make their surroundings, not just their physical selves, but the mental, spiritual, and emotional sides as beautiful as possible. To the Vietnamese, the lotus is known as an exquisite flower that symbolizes purity, serenity, commitment and optimism towards the future. pink lotus flower macro photography. During the lotus season (approximately June to September) the flowers are picked in the early morning before the young blooms open. Lotus tea is a beneficial herbal tea prepared using the flowers, leaves, seeds or roots of the sacred lotus plant. API call; Human contributions. Photo about Vietnamese flower, pure white lotus flower, symbol of Vietnam at Mekong Delta, closeup of beautiful bloossom, flower bud ob green background. The lotus is found throughout Vietnam in the muddy water of lakes and ponds. [49] However the method is not suitable for commercialization but rather for home use. Today sees the release of a couple of new Spiritbeads, both priced at 48€ each. [80][81][82][83][84], "Lotus Flower" redirects here. The roasted seeds of young lotus flowers make for a tasty snack as well. The Spirit of Vietnam is super sweet and check out her braid! It is also the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future. It rises and opens again at dawn. [25][19], The rhizomes mature to a suitable stage for eating in approximately six to nine months. It is in their hearts, their souls, their minds, and their very existence. Why is the Lotus Sacred Among the Vietnamese Flowers? For this step, the field is not drained. Leaf stem and flower stem rise up the surface of the water. [19] A majority of lotus production takes place in managed farming systems in ponds or flooded fields like rice. L. By Le Manh Thang. Lotus flower has an elegant beauty and good fragrant which attract people so much. Zheng B, Zheng J, Zeng S (2003) Analysis of the nutritional composition in Chinese main lotus seed varieties. Lotus flower, despite being nurtured in mud, still grow out pure and glowing, like morning dew from early morning or water in springtime. Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus,[1] bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. To the Vietnamese, lotus is known as an exquisite flower, symbolizes the purity, serenity, … Pink: Flowers that are pink call to mind the history of the Buddha and the religion which he founded. The tubers are not cold resistant, but can resist temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) if they are covered with an insulating cover of water or soil. Stands of lotus drop hundreds of thousands of seeds every year to the bottom of the pond. At night, the flower closes and sinks under water. Although its legend spans across many Eastern cultures that have been around for thousands of years, it is still regarded as one of the most sacred flowers in existence today. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. [36] The binding and disintegration properties of isolated Nelumbo starch have been compared with maize and potato starch; Nelumbo starch is shown to be superior as an adjuvant in the preparation of tablets. Lotus flower tattoo is undeniably one of the most beautiful flower tattoos that can be engraved in ones body, and there are so many people in the world who prefer to have it than anything else. 1294 1332 174. A couple of friends and I visited a Lotus flower field in the afternoon in rural Vietnam. 1807 1668 292. The minimum water depth is about 30 cm (12 in). In fact, several older systems, such as the Bentham & Hooker system (which is widely used in the Indian subcontinent) refer to the lotus by its old synonym of Nymphaea nelumbo. About Lotus: Grown in the northern province of Thai Nguyen in Vietnam, Che Sen, or Lotus tea, is a fine green tea infused with the aroma of lotus flower blossoms. Harvesting the stolon is done by manual labour. There is no flower that is quite as exquisite and unique as the lotus. [74], Lotus seed also contain particularly large amounts of vitamins, including VB1, VB2, VB6 and Vitamin E.[75][76], The functional components (polyphenols, protein, polysaccharides) in N. nucifera seeds can help combatting high blood pressure, diabetes and gallstones. In Asia, the petals are sometimes used for garnish, while the large leaves are used as a wrap for food, not frequently eaten (for example, as a wrapper for zongzi). [29] In Australia, the cultivar grown for the fresh rhizome market is Quangdong and in Japan the common rhizome cultivars are Tenno and Bitchu. Royal HaskoningDHV is tasked with the design of the land reclamation, breakwater, beaches, revetments and water quality study to ensure the island is … "Isolation and preparation of flavonoids from the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn by preparative reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography. This is a kind of special flower that people love and idolize, especially in Buddhist culture. Related Images: lotus flower nature meditation blossom bloom plant pond zen. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. This leads to enlightenment, which is the ultimate goal of the practice of spirituality. The leaves of older plants are commonly used to wrap food, such as steamed rice and certain kinds of fish. There are numerous health benefits of the tea, with more researches being conducted every day. Human translations with examples: hoa, hoa, lotus, ngó sen, hạt sen, bông hoa, bông hoa, vườn hoa, sen hồng. A famous Vietnamese song, “Doa hoa vo thuong”, is about the lotus flower — have a listen. Traditional Eastern medicine claims that fresh lotus seed wine has thirst quenching, spleen healing and anti-diarrheal advantages after drinking, attributed to unspecified bioactive compounds. [2] Therefore, the Chinese regards the plant as the symbol of longevity. [71], Not only do these seeds contain proteins of high quality and are rich in variety of essential amino acids including high contents of albumin (42%) and globulin (27%), they also contain unsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus and other trace elements. Varieties that show more than one of these characteristics are classified by the strongest feature. According to the APG IV system, N. nucifera, N. lutea, and their extinct relatives belong in Proteales with the protea flowers[5] due to genetic comparisons. The lotus symbol in Vietnam is the icon of Vietnamese characters and has interesting meanings in various aspects such as the culture, arts, and foods. History and Origin Lotus tea originated in Vietnam, where the … [19] During winter time, the roots have to be stored at a frost free place. [29], A third way is to plant lotus in ponds or fields and raise aquatic animals such as fish, shrimp or crab in the same field. Average yield of these cultivars in China is 1.05–1.9 t/ha (0.5–0.8 tons/acre) of dry seeds and weight of thousand seeds between 1,020 to 1,800 g (36 to 63 oz). They are offered in worship of deities, while the leaves are used for the wrapping of green rice, and the seeds are used to make tea. The delicate pinks and whites of the lotus flower are vividly highlighted by the dark green of the plant which surrounds it. [19] Furthermore, tissue culture is a promising propagation method for the future to produce high volumes of uniform, true-to-type, disease free materials. Japan grows its own lotus but still must import 18,000 tons of lotus rhizome each year, of which China provides 15,000 tons yearly. [43] Various studies show the successful use of N. nucifera to counteract water eutrophication. The lotus flower regulates its temperature; even as outside conditions go through wild fluctuations, the lotus flower maintains a fairly steady internal temperature. Photo about A Vietnamese woman holding a lotus flower in white dress standing on a boat in a pond. Traditionally rhizomes, leaves, and seeds have been used as folk medicines, Ayurveda, Chinese traditional medicine, and oriental medicine. [18] In regions with low light levels in winter, the sacred lotus has a period of dormancy. The traditional Sacred Lotus is only distantly related to Nymphaea caerulea, but possesses similar chemistry. [16], Lotus varieties have been classified according to their use into three types: rhizome lotus, seed lotus and flower lotus. This flower is invoked in hundreds of poems and folk songs and is a cherished sight. Studies published in the journals Nature and Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences were in 1996 and 1998 important contributions in the field of thermoregulation, heat-producing, in plants. Nelumbo nucifera shows high potential for usage in wastewater treatment removing polluting compounds[43] and heavy metals. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'richardalois_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_9',165,'0','0']));The capital of Vietnam, Hanoi, has an amazing display of lakes and ponds where lotuses flourish. [44][45] The results observed are impressive showing 96% of copper and 85% cadmium metals removed after a seven-day incubation period. [10] Roger S. Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel, physiologists at the University of Adelaide in Australia, found that lotus flowers blooming in the Adelaide Botanic Gardens maintained a temperature of 30–35 °C (86–95 °F), even when the air temperature dropped to 10 °C (50 °F). 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